The lips are the center of facial expression and reconstruction requires a thorough understanding of the anatomy. The upper lip is in the shape of a bow, and has a central fullness known as the tubercle. The depression above the center of the is known as the philtral dimple.
Plastic surgeons are often consulted for lip reconstruction for post-ablative tumor resection and for trauma. The reconstruction may consist of moving adjacent lip tissue and elements of the cheek to achieve a functional and aesthetic lip.